Loyalists to the Union mostly of German descent took their oath of allegiance to their newly adopted country(USA) very seriously. The will to desist from bearing arms against it and remain honest with themselves would prove deadly in the early hours before dawn on August 10, 1862. This encounter with the confederate forces took place on the banks of the West Nueces River north of Brackettville. These men from Kerr, Kendall, and Gillespie counties met on the Turtle Creek in Kerr County to leave Texas and join the Federal army by way of Mexico on August 3, 1862. Confederate forces got wind of this, were successful in tracking them down because of the unionists slow pace, and the battle ensued. 19 Unionist were killed. 9 wounded were executed later in the day. Confederates listed 2 killed and 18 injured. Other names for battle are Nueces Massacre and Dutch Mountain Battle.